Oliver Benson, Charles Santori, Matthew Pelton, and Yoshihisa Yamamoto (2000)
Regulated and Entangled Photons from a Single Quantum Dot
Phys. Rev. Lett., 84(11):2513-2516.
We propose a new method of generating nonclassical optical field states. The method uses a semiconductor device, which consists of a single quantum dot as active medium embedded in a p- i- n junction and surrounded by a microcavity. Resonant tunneling of electrons and holes into the quantum dot ground states, together with the Pauli exclusion principle, produce regulated single photons or regulated pairs of photons. We propose that this device also has the unique potential to generate pairs of entangled photons at a well-defined repetition rate.