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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Mathematisch-Naturwissen­schaft­liche Fakultät - Kardiovaskuläre Physik

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin | Mathematisch-Naturwissen­schaft­liche Fakultät | Institut für Physik | Kardiovaskuläre Physik | Veröffentlichungen | Does the C-type natriuretic peptide have prognostic value in chagas disease and other dilated cardiomyopathies?

S. Heringer-Walther, M. d Moreira, N. Wessel, Y. Wang, T. M Ventura, H. P Schultheiss, and T. Walther (2006)

Does the C-type natriuretic peptide have prognostic value in chagas disease and other dilated cardiomyopathies?

J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol., 48:293–298.

Atrial natriuretic peptides (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptides (BNP) are powerful neurohormonal indicators of left-ventricular function and prognosis in heart failure (HF). Chagas disease (CD) caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi remains a major cause of HF in Latin America. We assessed whether the plasma concentration of the third natriuretic peptide, C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), also has diagnostic and prognostic properties in patients with CD or other dilated cardiomyopathies (DCM). Blood samples were obtained from 66 patients with CD, 50 patients with DCM from other causes, and 30 gender- and age-matched healthy subjects. Patients were subdivided according to the New York Heart Association (NYHA) class. The CNP concentration was determined by radioimmunoassay (Immundiagnostik, Bensheim, Germany). The main duration of follow-up was 31.4 months (range 13 to 54 months); 19 patients had died and 11 patients received a heart transplant. CNP concentrations were only significantly altered in patients with DCM or CD of the NYHA classes III and IV (P < 0.05). The Pearson correlation of echocardiographic data with CNP revealed an association only with the left-ventricular end systolic volume (P = 0.03) in patients with DCM. Furthermore, CNP did not predict mortality or the necessity for heart transplant. Our data are the first to demonstrate the raised levels of the third natriuretic peptide CNP in CD and other DCM. Whereas ANP and BNP have a high predictive value for mortality in both diseases, CNP is without any predictive potency.

[DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.fjc.0000249892.22635.4610.1097/01.fjc.0000249892.22635.46] [PubMed:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1720490817204908]