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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Mathematisch-Naturwissen­schaft­liche Fakultät - Experimentelle Elementarteilchenphysik

The H Collaboration (2005)

Observations of selected AGN with HESS

aap, 441:465-472.

A sample of selected active galactic nuclei (AGN) was observed in 2003 and 2004 with the High Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS), an array of imaging atmospheric-Cherenkov telescopes in Namibia. The redshifts of these candidate very-high-energy (VHE, >100 GeV) gamma-ray emitters range from z=0.00183 to z=0.333. Significant detections were already reported for some of these objects, such as PKS 2155-304 and Markarian 421. Marginal evidence (3.1sigma) for a signal is found from large-zenith-angle observations of Markarian 501, corresponding to an integral flux of I(>1.65 TeV) = (1.5±0.6stat±0.3syst) × 10^-12 cm^-2 s^-1 or 15% of the Crab Nebula flux. Integral flux upper limits for 19 other AGN, based on exposures of 1 to 8 h live time, and with average energy thresholds between 160 GeV and 610 GeV, range from 0.4% to 5.1% of the Crab Nebula flux. All the upper limits are the most constraining ever reported for these objects.

Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System