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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Mathematisch-Naturwissen­schaft­liche Fakultät - International Research Training Group 1740

Seminar Talk - Prof. R. Roy

Wann 14.09.2018 von 13:00 bis 15:00 (Europe/Berlin / UTC200) iCal
Wo PIK, Telegrafenberg A31, Big Cupola

 


Seminar Talk


 

 

Prof. Rajarshi Roy (University of Maryland, College Park, USA)

Title: Random Numbers from Light: Photons, Time delays, Chaos and Entropy

Abstract: Many physical processes, including the intensity fluctuations of a chaotic laser, the detection of single photons, and the Brownian motion of a microscopic particle in a fluid are unpredictable, at least on long timescales. This unpredictability can be due to a variety of physical mechanisms, but it is quantified by an entropy rate. This rate, which describes how quickly a system produces new and random information, is fundamentally important in statistical mechanics and practically important for random number generation. We experimentally study entropy generation and the emergence of deterministic chaotic dynamics from discrete noise in a system that applies feedback to a weak optical signal at the single-photon level. We show that in this system the dynamics transition from shot noise to chaos as the photon rate increases and that the entropy rate can reflect either the deterministic or noisy aspects of the system depending on the sampling rate and resolution of the measurements.