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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Mathematisch-Naturwissen­schaft­liche Fakultät - Nanooptik

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin | Mathematisch-Naturwissen­schaft­liche Fakultät | Institut für Physik | Nanooptik | Publications | Minimum-error discrimination between subsets of linearly dependent quantum states

Ulrike Herzog and János A Bergou (2002)

Minimum-error discrimination between subsets of linearly dependent quantum states

Phys. Rev. A, 65(5):050305.

A measurement strategy is developed for a different kind of hypothesis testing. It assigns, with minimum probability of error, the state of a quantum system to one or the other of two complementary subsets of a set of N given nonorthogonal quantum states occurring with given a priori probabilities. A general analytical solution is obtained for N states that are restricted to a two-dimensional subspace of the Hilbert space of the system. The result for the special case of three arbitrary but linearly dependent states is applied to a variety of sets of three states that are symmetric and equally probable. It is found that, in this case, the minimum-error probability for distinguishing one of the states from the other two is only about half as large as the minimum-error probability for distinguishing all three states individually.