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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Mathematisch-Naturwissen­schaft­liche Fakultät - Nanooptik

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin | Mathematisch-Naturwissen­schaft­liche Fakultät | Institut für Physik | Nanooptik | Publications | Optimum unambiguous identification of d unknown pure qudit states

Ulrike Herzog and János A Bergou (2008)

Optimum unambiguous identification of d unknown pure qudit states

Phys. Rev. A, 78(3):032320.

We address the problem of unambiguously identifying the state of a probe qudit with the state of one of d reference qudits. The d reference states are assumed pure and linearly independent but we have no knowledge of them. The state of the probe qudit is assumed to coincide equally likely with either one of the d unknown reference states. We derive the optimum measurement strategy that maximizes the success probability of unambiguous identification and find that the optimum strategy is a generalized measurement. We give both the measurement operators and the optimum success probability explicitly. Technically, the problem we solve amounts to the optimum unambiguous discrimination of d known mixed quantum states.