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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Mathematisch-Naturwissen­schaft­liche Fakultät - Nanooptik

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin | Mathematisch-Naturwissen­schaft­liche Fakultät | Institut für Physik | Nanooptik | Publications | Evidence for graphene plasmons in the visible spectral range probed by molecules

Philipp Lange, Günter Kewes, Nikolai Severin, Oliver Benson, and Jürgen P Rabe (2014)

Evidence for graphene plasmons in the visible spectral range probed by molecules

arXiv.

Graphene is considered to be plasmon active only up to the infrared based on combined tight binding model and random phase approximation calculations. Here we show that the optical properties of graphene as measured by ellipsometry and simulated by density functional theory imply the existence of strongly localized graphene plasmons in the visible with a line width of 0.1 eV. Using small emitters that provide the high wavevectors necessary to excite graphene plasmons at optical frequencies we demonstrate graphene plasmon induced excitation enhancement by nearly 3 orders of magnitude. Link