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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Mathematisch-Naturwissen­schaft­liche Fakultät - Nanooptik

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin | Mathematisch-Naturwissen­schaft­liche Fakultät | Institut für Physik | Nanooptik | Publications | Observation of size-dependence in multi-color upconversion in single Yb3+Er3+ codoped NaYF4 nanocrystals

Stefan Schietinger, Leonardo dS Menezes, Björn Lauritzen, and Oliver Benson (2009)

Observation of size-dependence in multi-color upconversion in single Yb3+Er3+ codoped NaYF4 nanocrystals

Nano Letters, 9:2477–2481.

In this Letter we report on the investigation of the upconversion emission of single NaYF4 nanocrystals codoped with Yb3+ and Er3+. Single nanocrystals on a coverslip are excited with continuous wave laser light at 973 nm in a confocal setup and the upconversion fluorescence is analyzed with a spectrometer. With the help of an atomic force microscope the size of the nanocrystals is simultaneously determined. A strong size-dependence of the spectral properties of the upconversion signal of individual nanocrystals is observed. We attribute this to a differing number of available phonons in the individual crystals for multiphonon relaxation processes, depending on their size. We believe that this result provides a new strategy in the synthesis of upconversion nanoparticles with different spectral properties by changing only their size as it is well-known from the case of semiconductor quantum dots.